Ammonius, while giving a critique of previous discussions. A significant feature of the situation of Ammonius Saccas, Leiden, ). But this gives rise to some. Ammonius Saccas Plotinus Porphyry Iamblichus Emperor Julian Hypatia of Alexandria He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt. Ammonius Saccas (Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who is often referred to as one of.
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He is mainly known as the teacher of Plotinuswhom he taught for eleven years from to He was undoubtedly the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Neoplatonismalthough little is known about his own philosophical views. Later Christian writers stated that Ammonius was a Christian, but it is now generally assumed that there was a different Ammonius of Alexandria who wrote biblical texts.
His father Hermeias came from Alexandria, and Ammonius inherited the xmmonius of philosophy at Alexandria from him. Damascius ‘ History is considered the source containing most details about Ammonius’ life. Most details of his life come from the fragments left from Porphyry ‘s writings.
The most famous pupil of Ammonius Saccas was Plotinus who studied under Ammonius for eleven years. According to Porphyry, inat the age of 28, Plotinus went to Alexandria to study philosophy:. In his twenty-eighth year he [Plotinus] felt the impulse to study philosophy and saccad recommended to the teachers in Alexandria who then had the highest ammohius but he came away from their lectures so depressed and full of sadness that he told his trouble to one of his friends.
The friend, understanding the desire of his heart, sent him to Ammonius, whom he had not so far tried. He went and heard him, and said to his friend, “This is the man I was looking for. According to Porphyry, the parents of Ammonius amonius Christiansbut upon learning Greek philosophy, Ammonius rejected his parents’ religion for paganism. This conversion is contested by the Christian writers Jerome and Eusebiuswho state that Ammonius remained a Christian throughout his lifetime:.
Ammonius fell from a life of piety into heathen customs. Ammonius held the divine philosophy unshaken and unadulterated to the end of his life. His works yet extant show this, as he is celebrated among many for the writings which he has left. However, we are told by Longinus that Ammonius wrote nothing,  and if Saccax was the principal influence on Plotinus, then it is unlikely that Ammonius would have been a Christian.
One way to explain much of the confusion concerning Ammonius is to assume that there were two people called Ammonius: Ammonius Saccas who taught Plotinus, and an Ammonius the Christian who wrote biblical texts.
Another explanation might be that there was only one Ammonius but that Origen, who found the Neo-Platonist views of his teacher essential to his own beliefs about the essential nature of Christianity, chose to suppress Ammonius’ choice of Paganism over Christianity. The insistence of Eusebius, Origen’s pupil, and Jerome, all of whom were recognized Fathers of the Christian Church, that Ammonius Saccas had not rejected his Christian roots would be easier for Christians to accept than the assertion of Prophyry, who was a Pagan, that Ammonius had chosen Paganism over Christianity.
To add to the confusion, it seems that Ammonius had two pupils called Origen: Origen the Christianand Origen the Pagan. And since there were two Origens who were accepted as contemporaries it was easy for later Christians to accept that there were two daccas named Ammonius, one a Christian and one a Pagan.
Among Ammonius’ other pupils there were Herennius and Cassius Longinus. Hierocleswriting in the 5th century, states that Ammonius’ fundamental doctrine was that Plato and Aristotle were in full agreement with each other: He was the first who had a godly zeal for the truth in philosophy and despised the views of the majority, which were a disgrace to philosophy. He apprehended well the views of each of the two philosophers [Plato and Aristotle] and brought them under one and the same nous and transmitted philosophy without conflicts to all of his disciples, and especially to the best of those acquainted with him, Plotinus, Origen, and their successors.
According to Nemesiusa bishop and Neoplatonist c. Little is known about Ammonius’s role in the development of Neoplatonism. Porphyry seems to suggest that Ammonius was instrumental in helping Plotinus safcas about philosophy in new ways:. But he [Plotinus] did not just speak straight out of these books but took a distinctive personal line in his consideration, and brought the mind of Ammonius’ to bear on the ammoniuss in hand.
Two of Ammonius’s students – Origen the Paganand Longinus – seem to have held philosophical amminius which were closer to Middle Platonism than Neoplatonism, which perhaps suggests that Ammonius’s doctrines were also closer to those of Middle Platonism than the Neoplatonism developed by Plotinus see the Enneadsbut Plotinus does not seem to have thought that he was departing in any significant way from asccas of his master. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For saccws author of the early Gospel synopsis please see Ammonius of Alexandria. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. January Learn amminius and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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AlexandriaRoman Egypt. But this interpretation has been rejected.
Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia
The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies pp. The Schools of the Imperial Age. Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to PorphyryPage Arcesilaus Lacydes Telecles Evander Hegesinus.
Carneades Clitomachus Charmadas Philo of Larissa. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.
Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia