Russell’s Periodontal Indfex & CPITN Probe Seminar For Public Health Dentistry. A periodontal examination is a clinical examination of the periodontium (gums). It is routinely carried out in dentistry and allied specialties. Many different techniques are used around the world. A report by World Health Organization in led to the creation of the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN). Use of a special CPITN periodontal probe (or its equivalent) is recommended. For epidemiological purposes in adult populations, 10 specified index teeth are.
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Instruments for periodontitis screening are commonly applied to populations in epidemiological studies of oral health.
Two sample calculations were performed one using sensitivity and another with specificity and the largest sample size was chosen. Another reason for the development of new instruments has been the search for efficient and simple ways to screen populations for periodontitis 1,2,3,4.
Epidemiology, treatment needs and progression monitoring of periodontal disease in adults. J Dent Res ;67; Wisdom teeth are not included because pericoronitis and tooth impaction may cause isolated periodontal defects which do not represent the general periodontal condition of the rest of the mouth.
The information was used to assess the individuals’ periodontal health, and diagnosis based on these data resulted in the gold standard. Community periodontal index of treatment needs and prevalence of periodontal conditions. Related articles Community periodontal index of treatment needs benzoyl-DL-arginine napthylamide chronic periodontitis putative periodontal pathogens.
Comparing two methods of clinical measurement: This assumption is based on the largest area under the ROC curves. J Dent Res ; Effect of examining half the teeth in a partial periodontal recording of older adults.
Periodontal examination – Wikipedia
Comparative estimation of periodontal conditions by means of different index systems. Advances in periodontal diagnosis.
Community Dent Health ; 4: Baelum V, Papapanou PN. Influence of CPITN partial recordings on estimates of prevalence and severity of various periodontal conditions in adults. Recent advances in oral health: In the absence of the index teeth, all teeth in the sextant were examined to generate the score, as in the original CPITN.
It is a screening tool which is used to quickly obtain a rough picture of the periodontal condition and treatment needs of an individual, but it does not provide an exact periodontal diagnosis. The FDI-WHO Joint Working Group 1 on periodontal diseases supports the use of the CPITN as an epidemiological screening procedure for periodontal treatment needs in populations and also, in a modified cpitnn for screening and monitoring of individuals by dental practitioners.
This may be the most reasonable explanation for the operational characteristics observed. Table 2 presents these data in details.
It is routinely carried out in dentistry and allied specialties. Contingency tables were constructed and operational characteristics obtained, as well as ROC curves.
The scoring is as follows:. Several authors have proposed short tests for periodontal screening 2,4,26, Results indicated sensitivity Individuals are assigned to one of four treatment need categories determined from their CPITN scores. Validating a test is necessary for screening, and it has been determined that some of the periodontal screening lndex tend to underestimate cpotn prevalence 1,3,6,8,9,10,11,12, The trend for lower values observed for the partial version of the CPITN in the present study may reflect the fact that only ten teeth contribute to the diagnosis Dtsch Zahn Mund Kieferheilkd Zentralbl ; This aspect has been previously discussed by several authors 2,6,24,25, 26,33, Community periodontal index of treatment needs CPITN index is commonly used to measure periodontal disease.
Validity of partial systems of periodontal examination in epidemiological studies. Braz Dent J ;9: Landry RG, Jean M. Cpiitn odds of a positive test in a diseased individual was 3.